Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome
- Genetic factors, which you inherit from your family
- Environmental factors such as diet and physical activity level
- Ethnicity—Mexican American women, Caucasians, and African Americans have a higher risk.
- Obesity—You are more likely to develop many of the underlying conditions of metabolic syndrome if you are overweight, especially if that extra weight is around your waist or if your obesity began at a young age.
Having disorders or conditions associated with metabolic disorder such as:
- Type 2 or gestational diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Cholesterol problems
- Coronary artery disease —a heart condition where the arteries that supply blood to the heart narrow, increasing the chances of a heart attack
- Polycystic ovary syndrome —a hormonal disorder that occurs when a woman produces an excess of male hormones
- Genes—Having a family history of the disorders listed above
- Physical inactivity
- Poor diet—Eating a diet high in calories, sugar, saturated fats, and starchy foodsand low in dietary fiber increases your risk.
- Unhealthy habits, such as smoking
- Certain medication, such as atypical antipsychotics
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Who is at risk for metabolic syndrome? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ms/atrisk.html . Updated November 3, 2011. Accessed May 10, 2013.
1/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Koyama S, Ichikawa G, et al. Adiposity rebound and the development of metabolic syndrome. Pediatrics. 2013 Dec 23.
1/22/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Xu Y, Shen S, et al. Metabolic syndrome risk after gestational diabetes: Asystematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e87863.
- Reviewer: Kim A. Carmichael, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/20/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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