|The Nervous System|
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- Leg weakness, including difficulty walking
- Loss of coordination
- Difficulty speaking and swallowing
- Foot deformities
- Foot ulcers
- Hearing loss and/or vision loss
- Eye movement abnormalities
- Movement disorders such as tremor, dystonia, and chorea
- Genetic testing for the frataxin gene
- Blood and urine tests
- Nerve or muscle biopsy
Friedreich’s Ataxia Research Alliance http://www.curefa.org
National Ataxia Foundation http://www.ataxia.org
University of Chicago Ataxia Center http://ataxia.uchicago.edu
International Network of Ataxia Friends http://internaf.org
Muscular Dystrophy Canada http://www.muscle.ca
Friedreich ataxia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 29, 2012. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Friedrich's ataxia (FA). Muscular Dystrophy Association website. Available at: http://www.mdausa.org/disease/fa.html. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Friedreich’s ataxia fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/friedreichs%5Fataxia/detail%5Ffriedreichs%5Fataxia.htm. Updated August 16, 2011. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Koeppen AH. Friedreich’s ataxia: pathology, pathogenesis, and molecular genetics. J Neurol Sci. 2011;303(1-2):1-12.
Wilson RB. Therapeutic developments in Friedrich ataxia. J Child Neurol. 2012. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/07/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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