|Women with PKU need to follow a strict diet while pregnant to avoid serious birth defects.|
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Low-Phenylalanine Eating Pattern
- Drinking phenylalanine-free medical formula, which provides calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals without phenylalanine. Phenylalanine-free medical formulas are manufactured for infants, children, and adults and are the most important feature of the diet for PKU.
- Starches, including bread, potatoes, corn, and beans must be restricted.
- Eliminating high-protein foods such as milk, meat, fish, chicken, pork, eggs, beans, and nuts.
- Eliminating foods and beverages made with aspartame, an artificial sweetener that contains phenylalanine.
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/
Sick Kids The Hospital for Sick Children http://www.sickkids.ca/
Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 17th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2004.
The essentials of PKU. University of Washington PKU Clinic website. Available at http://depts.washington.edu/pku/about/whatispku.html. Accessed on September 13, 2005.
Phenylketonuria. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research website. Available at http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=DS00514. Accessed on September 13, 2005.
Phenylketonuria: screening and management [National Institutes of Health Consensus Statement, October 16-18, 2000]. National Institutes of Health website. Available at http://consensus.nih.gov/2000/2000Phenylketonuria113html.htm. Accessed on September 22, 2005.
RM Kleigman, RE Behrman, HB Jenson, BF Stanton. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th Edition. Eds. Saunders Publishers, Philadelphia PA, 2007.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/26/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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