Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia
(CML; Chronic Myeloid Leukemia; Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Chronic Granulocytic Leukemia)
- Myeloblasts—a type of white blood cell, fights infection
- Red blood cells (RBCs)—carry oxygen
- Platelets—makes blood clot, stops bleeding in cuts or bruises
|White Blood Cells|
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- Sex: male
- Increased age
- Exposure to atomic bomb radiation
- Exposure to nuclear reactor accident
- Smoking is the only lifestyle factor that has been linked to leukemia. Its association with CML is still unclear.
- Lack of energy
- Unexplained weight loss
- Night sweats
- Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs
- Bone pain
- Joint pain
- Reduced exercise tolerance
- Enlargement of the liver or spleen
- Unexplained bleeding or unusual bruising
- Your bodily fluids and tissue may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Bone marrow aspiration
- Bone marrow biopsy
- Routine microscopic exam
- Bone, blood marrow, lymph node tissue, or cerebrospinal fluid tests
- Cytogenetic analysis
- Your doctor may need pictures of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Targeted Drug Therapy
High-dose Chemotherapy With Stem Cell Transplant
Donor Lymphocyte Infusion
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society http://www.leukemia-lymphoma.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
BC Cancer Agency http://www.bccancer.bc.ca
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (PDQ): treatment. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/CML/Patient. Accessed January 29, 2013.
Chronic myeloid leukemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 17, 2012. Accessed January 29, 2013.
Leukemia—chronic myeloid (CML). American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI%5F2%5F3x.asp?rnav=cridg&dt=83. Accessed January 29, 2013.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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