|Common Physical Reaction to Triggering Situations|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Family history
- History of anxiety or nervousness when in an enclosed room or space
- Repeated avoidance of situations that have brought on a previous anxiety attack
- Rapid heart beat
- Shortness of breath or hyperventilation
- Lightheadedness or fainting
- Feelings of dread, terror, panic
- Automatically and compulsively looking for exits when in a room or feeling fearful if doors are shut
- Avoiding elevators, riding in subways or airplanes, or cars in heavy traffic
- Standing near exits in crowded social situations
- Be triggered by anticipating an event or situation
- Cause panic attacts associated with the fear-causing situation
- Interfere with normal daily activities
- That is not explained by another disorder
- Relaxation and visualization techniques designed to calm the fear when in a claustrophobic environment
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)—an approach that involves learning to control the thoughts that occur when confronted with the fear-inducing situation in order to change the reaction
Anxiety and Depression Association of America http://www.adaa.org
Psychiatry.org - American Psychiatric Association http://www.psychiatry.org
Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.cmha.ca
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org
Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Accessed July 22, 2013.
Specific phobia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed July 22, 2013.
Treatment. Anxiety Disorders Association of America. Available at: http://www.adaa.org/finding-help/treatment. Accessed July 22, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/23/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.