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- Infections (such as pinworms, fungus, streptococcal skin infections)
- Skin disorders (such as contact dermatitis, psoriasis)
- Hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fistula in ano, proctitis, or skin tags
- Certain foods, such as caffeinated drinks, alcohol, peanuts, tomatoes
- Too much moisture around rectum
- Certain medications, such as laxatives
- Gently cleanse the area with water when bathing
- Take a sitz bath
- Dry thoroughly
- Use cotton, gauze, or cornstarch to absorb moisture
- Don’t scratch
- Use unbleached, unscented toilet paper
- Wear loose cotton clothing and underwear
- Avoid irritants (such as bubble baths, certain foods)
- Over-the-counter or prescription cream or ointment containing hydrocortisone or other corticosteroids to reduce itching and provide protection
- Zinc oxide ointment—to provide protection
- Topical capsaicin—to reduce itching
- Certain medicines to treat infection if this is thought to be the cause of your itching
- Avoid tight-fitting, synthetic clothing
- Try to keep the area clean and dry
- Avoid scratching at the area
- Avoid using perfumes, dyes, and any other irritants on the area
- Eat a healthy diet
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid certain medications (such as narcotics, laxatives)
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Pruritus ani. American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.fascrs.org/patients/conditions/pruritus%5Fani. Updated October 2012. Accessed December 4, 2012.
Pruritus ani. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated June 13, 2012. Accessed December 4, 2012.
Siddiqi S, Vijay V, et al. Pruritus ani. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2008 September; 90(6): 457–463.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/15/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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