(Sialadenitis; Salivary Gland Infection)
- Acute—inflammation that resolves in a short period of time with or without treatment
- Chronic—includes persistent inflammation or alternating periods of flare-ups and remission
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- Bacterial infection
- Other viral infections
- Blockage of saliva flow
- Autoimmune diseases
- Dehydration and/or malnutrition
- Recent surgery
- Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer
- Medical conditions, such as:
- Blocked saliva flow, resulting from:
- Salivary stone in the parotid gland
- Mucus plug in a salivary duct
- Tumor—usually benign
- Psychiatric conditions, such as depression or eating disorders
- Use of certain medications
- Poor oral hygiene
- Sudden facial pain and swelling that worsens with salivation or after eating
- Redness and tenderness
- Pus that may drain into the mouth
- Swelling around the parotid gland
- Dry mouth
- Milky secretions
- Strange or foul taste in your mouth
- Fever, chills, and other signs of infection
Good Oral Hygiene
- Antibiotics for bacterial infections (antibiotics are not effective for viral infections)
- Anti-inflammatory drugs to manage inflammation and pain
- Get prompt treatment for any infections.
- See your dentist for proper oral care as recommended.
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day to avoid dehydration.
- Receive the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination if you have not yet been vaccinated
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research http://www.nidcr.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Acute suppurative parotitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 21, 2010. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Cain A. Parotitis. Net Doctor website. Available at: http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/parotitis.htm. Updated October 4, 2005. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Chitre VV, Premchandra DJ. Review: recurrent parotitis. Arch Dis Child. 1997;77:359-363.
Wilson KF, Meier JD, et al. Salivary gland disorders. Am Fam Physician. 2014;9(11):882-888.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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