Corticosteroid drugs (also known as glucocorticoids) act like the naturally occurring adrenal hormone cortisone in the body. They are strong anti-inflammatory and immune-suppressant medications used in many inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis , asthma , inflammatory bowel disease , and systemic lupus erythematosus . Corticosteroids are also prescribed to suppress transplant rejection.
Drugs in this family include:
- Betamethasone (Celestone)
- Cortisone acetate (Cortone Acetate)
- Dexamethasone (Decadron, Dexameth, Dexone, Hexadrol)
- Hydrocortisone (Cortef, Hydrocortone)
- Methylprednisolone (Medrol)
- Prednisolone (Delta-Cortef, Pediapred, Prelone)
- Prednisone (Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone, Panasol-S, Prednicen-M, Sterapred DS)
- Triamcinolone (Aristocort, Atolone, Kenacort)
- And others
One of the most serious side effects of long-term corticosteroid use is accelerated osteoporosis. Although we don't fully understand how this works, corticosteroid interference with calcium and vitamin D is known to play a major role.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -